- Prevents damage to your furniture and other household valuables while you are away or sleeping
- Helps you teach your dog proper chewing and elimination (bathroom) behavior
- Provides security for your dog and safety for young children in your home
- Easy traveling
- Improves your relationship with your dog
Before you begin crate training, keep in mind that the crate should be large enough for your dog to stand up and turn around in. Pet stores carry many different sizes of crates so you can find the one that best fits your dog. You should place the crate in a room where there is activity, i.e. your family room, because dogs are social animals. Finally, the crate should be used as your pet’s retreat, or “sanctuary” — it should not be used for punishment. Use the crate to avoid problems such as chewing and jumping before they occur, and use a separate space if you wish to put your dog in “time out.”
Crate Training Puppies
Begin crate training with your puppy early in the day so he has the whole day to adapt to the crate. Place his favorite treats, toys or food in the crate to motivate him to enter the crate on his own. The first time you confine your puppy to the crate he should be ready to take a nap, so schedule this for after a play or exercise session and after he has gone to the bathroom. Leave the room but stay close enough to be able to hear him. It is normal for your puppy to cry or whine at first, but never reward him by letting him out when he cries. It may be difficult, but you must ignore his cries until they stop before you release him from the crate.
If your puppy does not quiet down on his own, you may try lightly scolding him, but be sure not to scold him excessively. Harsh scolding could lead to fear and anxiety, and exacerbate the crying or cause your puppy to soil the crate. Be sure to stay out-of-sight when scolding your puppy so he doesn’t learn to associate the correction with your presence. Try squirting him with a water sprayer or shake a can with pebbles or coins to interrupt his cries.
Training crates are highly recommended as a way to housebreak your new dog as well as prevent destructive behavior!
For a puppy, a warm, snug crate works as a house-training aid (dogs typically won’t soil their “personal space”), a temporary playpen when you can’t directly supervise the pup, and a cozy bedroom that can comfort the pup during those first few stressful nights away from litter-mates. Crates are, hands down, the safest way for dogs to travel in cars. A crate offers quiet refuge when a dog is recuperating from an illness or injury, and can be a sanctuary when things get hectic around the house. Every dog should have a place to call his/her own.
While you are home, acclimate your dog to his/her crate throughout the day by practicing going in and out of the crate and spending short amounts of time inside. This will prevent your pet from associating the crate with being alone.
Important! Never use the crate as punishment for bad behavior!
As long as you don’t use them for punishment, crates can also help you correct some undesirable canine behaviors such as destructive chewing. More important, crates can help prevent behavior problems before they start by helping you establish routines for your dog.
Your job is to teach your dog that the crate is a great place to be. No matter what your dog’s age, make sure every interaction he/she has with the crate is pleasant. Even though your dog loves his/her crate, he/she may whine a bit when left alone in it for the first time. Always wait until your dog is calm and quiet before opening the door. If you uncrate a dog because he/she is whining, you teach him/her that whining is okay.
What crate to buy?
Most crates are made of either thick-gauge metal wire or molded plastic. Whichever material you choose, your dog’s crate should be ruggedly constructed and fitted with secure door latches. For portability, look for crates that disassemble or fold up easily.
Above all, make sure your dog’s crate is the appropriate size at least large enough for your dog to stand up, turn around, and lie down in. But, a crate shouldn’t be too big, especially for a pup. Young dogs often find spacious quarters more disturbing than comforting. Also, a crate that’s too large can sabotage house-training because the pup can eliminate at one end and then move to “higher ground.” If you’re raising a pup, purchase a crate that will be big enough to accommodate him/her when he/she is full-grown, then insert partitions or cardboard boxes inside the crate to reduce the interior space for the time being.
Important! Always remove your pet’s collar before placing in the crate!
Crate Training Adult Dogs
Except for the introduction of your dog to his crate, crate training an adult dog is similar to crate training a puppy. Set up your dog’s crate in his feeding area and leave the door open for a few days. Place food, treats and toys in the crate so the dog is motivated to enter on his own. Close the crate door only after your dog fully enters the crate on his own.
As with puppies, your dog may cry or whine at first. Use the same correction methods given for training puppies with your dog. Gradually increase the amount of time that your dog must remain quiet in the crate before you release and reward him.